Plaque is a sticky substance that adheres to tooth structure and is teeming with bacteria. Over time, plaque becomes calcified (hardens) and at this stage, it becomes what is called calculus. Plaque and calculus are actually irritants to the tissues of your mouth. The reaction of your body to the irritants and the subsequent gum inflammation, gum recession, bleeding and eventual bone loss around the teeth constitute periodontal (gum) disease. The earliest stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis (which is reversible) and is characterized by bleeding gums, especially when one brushes and flosses. If the disease is not addressed, it will progress to periodontitis, which is far more destructive, and is characterized by further gum deterioration, bone loss, and ultimately tooth loss.
Scaling and root planning are the most common form of treatment for periodontal disease. Scaling removes calculus (also called tartar) and plaque from the tooth surface above and below the gum line. Root planning smoothes the root's surface and removes any remaining calculus. When the amount of plaque and calculus to remove is extensive, the dentist will numb the area to make the procedure comfortable for you. A combination of sonic and hand instruments are used in the procedure. The sonic instruments remove the large deposits of plaque and calculus. Hand instruments are then used to remove any remaining tartar and ensure all surfaces of the crown and root are clean and free of bacteria.
At Bank Street Dentistry we offer a hygiene program to remove the causative factor from the tooth surfaces and instruct how to maintain healthy gums. Patients who are enrolled in our hygiene program benefit from periodic check ups at our office in certain intervals which are individually designed for each patient. The hygiene program is also a key element in maintaining the results our patient achieved after the completion of their treatment at our office.The goals are to eliminate the active inflammation caused by bacteria and reduce the periodontal pockets around the teeth so they cannot trap plaque or calculus thus maintaining the present bone height around the teeth.
|Bank Street Dentistry
1189 Bank Street,
Ottawa, ON K1S 3X7
Bank Street Dentistry is located in Ottawa ON, and proudly serves the surrounding communities including Old Ottawa South, Glebe, Billing Bridge, Riverside, Alta Vista, Old Ottawa East, Applewood Acres, Ridgemont, Heron Gate, Guildwood Estates, Playfair Park and Carlton University.